A significant development has taken place in the aftermath of the recent conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, as a United Nations (UN) mission arrived in the region on Sunday. This marks a historic moment, as it’s the first time in approximately 30 years that the international body has gained access to Nagorno-Karabakh. The mission’s primary objective is to assess the humanitarian needs in the area, following the recent displacement of the majority of the ethnic-Armenian population.
According to an Azerbaijani presidency spokesman, a UN mission arrived in Nagorno-Karabakh on Sunday morning. The mission’s focus is primarily on assessing the humanitarian situation in the region. This development comes in the wake of a significant shift in control over Nagorno-Karabakh.
Nagorno-Karabakh had been under the control of Armenian separatists for nearly three decades. However, this changed when they agreed to disarm, dissolve their government, and reintegrate with Baku following a swift Azerbaijani offensive last week. The end of the separatist rule in Karabakh has had profound implications for the region and its residents.
The consequences of this shift in control have been profound. Almost the entire ethnic-Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh, estimated at around 120,000 residents, fled the territory in the days that followed the conflict. This mass exodus has triggered a refugee crisis of significant proportions.
In response to these developments, Armenia observed a national day of prayer for Nagorno-Karabakh. The country came together in a show of solidarity, with church bells tolling in churches across Armenia. Karekin II, the head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, led a service in the nation’s main cathedral, Echmiadzin, located near the capital, Yerevan. The ceremony featured clergymen in ornate robes singing ancient chants at an open-air altar outside the cathedral, constructed from pale pink limestone.
Armenia, a nation with a population of 2.8 million, now faces the considerable challenge of accommodating the sudden influx of refugees. Authorities have reported that 35,000 refugees are currently in temporary accommodation. This situation poses significant humanitarian and logistical challenges for the country.
Recognizing the urgent need for assistance, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies initiated an emergency appeal for 20 million Swiss Francs ($22 million) to aid those who have been displaced by the conflict. The international community is mobilizing resources to provide humanitarian relief to the affected population.
In the midst of these developments, Azerbaijan is engaged in “re-integration” talks with former separatist leaders. Simultaneously, the country has detained some senior figures from the previous government and military command.
The UN mission arrived primarily to assess the humanitarian needs in the region following a recent conflict and mass displacement of the ethnic-Armenian population.
Nagorno-Karabakh, which had been under the control of Armenian separatists for decades, saw a change in control as the separatists agreed to disarm and reintegrate with Baku following an Azerbaijani offensive.
Armenia observed a national day of prayer for the region, with church services and ceremonies held across the country to show solidarity with the displaced population.